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Melbourne is a city very green. However the majority of these spaces from the period of British colonization and the species planted are not indigenous. This poses a serious supply problem . That is why in recent years, the Australian Government advocates the replacement of trees and plants imported by native species, including eucalyptus perfectly adapted to the climate of the region. way since 1995, the Royal Botanic Gardens, which occupy 41 hectares along the Yarria have adopted a policy of restriction . The course of Yarria was regularized in order to reduce the harmful effects during floods and small lakes thus formed were recovered in the irrigation system. The gardens date from 1852 and were created by Baron Ferdinand von Mueller. They offer visitors many varieties, some of which are endangered or even completely disappeared in the wild. It was therefore important to preserve this cultural heritage. Major works and seeding lawns heat resistant not only allowed the proliferation of these endangered species but also a saving of 30%. Aboriginal art is considered one of the artistic traditions of the oldest known. It probably preceded the cave paintings of Paleolithic Europe. Nevertheless, Aboriginal art has long been misunderstood and unappreciated because British colonists regarded these people as ignorant and barbaric. Fortunately the latter part of the twentieth century was marked by the revival Aboriginal art, which began in Aboriginal communities, before expanding into the public domain. Nowadays traditions and indigenous cultures have been studied and arouse the interest of both archaeologists art lovers. Aboriginal painting describes ancestral stories that depict heroes living at the time of the creation of the world. These traditions were transmitted orally. They tell the rules of the common life and the origin of nature. Patterns used today for the painting on canvas were once shown on the sand or on the walls of a cave.