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Built largely in 1947, the museum houses the largest collection of Coptic art in the world. The building has undergone a huge restoration after the earthquake of 1992, which had heavily damaged.
The Museum was founded in 1910 by Marcus Pasha Simaika to expose art Coptic initially presented by categories (textiles, metals, paints), about 1600 objects are now on display in chronological order, divided into twelve sections.
Besides the wealth of its collection, including the building itself is a testimony of Coptic art and boasts ornate wooden ceilings, elegant windows masbrabiyya, and a courtyard garden. The exhibits date back to Christian in Egypt and show clear influences Pharaonic and Islamic. The oldest finds are symbols and motifs, such as the ankh and the hawks of Horus, which date back to ancient Egypt.
In the capitals of the ancient Coptic Cathedral in Alexandria you can see a notch craftsmanship of stone that would have paid off the Mamluk era. A stone pulpit of the sixth century Coptic reminiscent of the stairs and the shrine of the pyramid complex at Saqqara, and foreshadows the minbar that you see in all the mosques of Cairo.
Even more fascinating depictions of the Virgin and Child, that the echo images of Isis and Horus scattered throughout Egypt. Many objects of classical inspiration, a legacy of the Ptolemaic dynasty and Roman rule.
On the top floor of the museum are exposed tissues for which the Copts were famous. In addition to the garments of silk and embroidered icons, figure what is considered the oldest existing book, a Coptic version of the Psalms of David dating back to 1600 years ago. The building, now under the Ministry of Culture of Egypt, was run by the Coptic Patriarchate until 1931.