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Milan Cathedral is a church, the symbol of Milan and one of the symbols of Italy, dedicated to Saint Mary Nascent, located in the square in the center of the metropolis. Area, is the fourth cathedral in Europe after St. Peter, St. Paul’s in London and Seville Cathedral. It is the most important church of the Archdiocese of Milan, and is the seat of the parish of Santa Tecla in the Cathedral of Milan.
The evolution of the Duomo from the beginning to the present, including cultural landscape that characterized the construction of the most popular symbol of the city. A sculpture path that has evolved over the centuries between political, social and economic, and that is still the subject of restoration and improvement.
Climb to the terraces
Through the elevator contained in the foothills east of the north transept you can access the terraces of the Duomo, from which you can enjoy an amazing view of the dense embroidery of spiers, flying buttresses (where they are hiding discharges of stormwater), pinnacles and statues and the city.
Near the elevator is the spire Carelli, the oldest of the cathedral, which dates from 1397-1404 and was built thanks to the legacy of Marco Carelli. It is decorated with statues of the first half of the fifteenth century who remember the ways Burgundy. The end has been rebuilt and the statue on the top, depicting Gian Galeazzo Visconti is a copy of the original Giorgio Solari, now preserved in the Museo del Duomo. Among all the other peaks only six dates back to the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and a dozen are of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The lantern by Giovanni Antonio Amadeo (1490-24 September 1500) is topped with eight arches outside showers that support the spire, which was completed in 1769 with a marble structure, which is connected to an armature of iron of 1844. Around lantern there are four Gugliotta, design of Amadeo, he saw made just to the northeast (1507-1518), decorated with contemporary statuary now largely replaced by copies; Gugliotta is preserved at the base of the memorial bas-relief with the image of Amadeo. To the northwest was completed by Paul Cesa Bianchi in 1882-1887, to the southwest by Peter Pestagalli in 1844-1847 and to the southeast, which also serves as the bell tower, by Joseph Vandoni in 1887-1892.
Among the statues are unique in the south of the falconatura the facade, dating from the rebuilding of the 1911-1935: depicting the sport and are an unusual example of statuary of the thirties .
Opened December 30, 1774, the Madonna del Duomo in Milan is the highest point of the church. The statue was designed by sculptor Giuseppe Perego and melted by the goldsmith Joseph Bini, to a height of 4.16 meters. The interior of the statue keeps a metal skeleton, which degradatosi in the sixties of the twentieth century, was admitted to the museum and replaced by a skeleton of steel.
In the Cathedral Treasury, accessible by a staircase in front of the southern sacristy, are the most valuable items that have accumulated in the long history of the cathedral of Milan. There are :
The silver capsella the fourth century, sent by Pope St. Damasus and St. Ambrose in the fourth century, containing the relics of saints and martyrs from the Basilica of St. Nazaire Major;
The ivory cover of a Gospel, with stories of Christ, probably made of Ravenna (fifth century)
The diptych “Roman” ivory with scenes from the life of Christ (ninth century)
The ivory urn used for the coronation of Otto II in 979, decorated with arches and reliefs of the Virgin and the Evangelists.
The deck of the Gospels of Aribert, gold embossed and filigree, with gems and enamels, probably made in Lombardy (eleventh century)
The diptych “greek” ivory with Gospel scenes of Byzantine manufacture (XI-XII century)
The Eucharistic dove with enamels of the twelfth or thirteenth century.
The cup with ivory reliefs of the Liberal Arts, of French manufacture of the fourteenth century.
A Gothic reliquary of the Umbrian or Tuscan invoice at the end of the fifteenth century, donated by Pope Paul VI
A peace rock crystal of the fifteenth century.
A peace donated by Pope Pius IV (XV century)
The golden miter that Saint Charles
The statues in silver and precious stones of St. Charles (1610) and St. Ambrose (1698)
In Lent is removed the cross which is generally suspended above the main altar and it is placed a larger, resting on the floor, so to highlight the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross.
When the back of the chair, located below the pulpit to the right, is covered with a cloth (usually the same color as the corresponding liturgical season), it means that on this day the Archbishop will celebrate Mass in the Cathedral.
In the lowest rung of the presbytery holiday, or that is located in the high altar, are inlaid two coats of arms, made of polychrome marble, of Pope John Paul II and Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini.