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It was designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon, flanked by structural calculations by the London-based engineering firm Arup.
Located in the Bay of Sydney, with an amusement park in the south and a large parking lot for cars accessible from Macquarie Street, well connected and close to the enormous Sydney Harbour Bridge, the building and its surroundings are often a goal for tourists – for the most part without any interest for the opera – throng the building just to visit its structure.
According to some critics, the shells in the spherical section can remember the flotilla of sailboats who goes on a cruise in the seas of Australia.
The acoustics of the whole structure, especially that of the opera house, has not always been appreciated and indeed has received criticism to be found wanting compared to the function for which it was created.
There have been repeated requests for a renovation of the space, a makeover that includes the movement of the opera to the concert hall, the largest and most acoustically suitable, resulting in displacement of the orchestra in a new home.
The opera house was opened by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom on 20 October 1973 The opening was televised, with fireworks and the performance of the Ninth Symphony by Beethoven.
In the concert hall is the Great Pipe Organ, an organ with 10,500 pipes, installed in 1979.
In 2007 he joined the World Heritage under the auspices of UNESCO.
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