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Immense square of 52,000 m² banned the machines, the Red Square lies near the eastern wall of the Kremlin. The main square of Moscow was already in the fifteenth century, the center of public life which was once the most solemn ceremonies. We will read the ukases (written by Tsar) and was justice. In the seventeenth century, has become definitively Red Square (Krasnaia), otherwise known as the beautiful square (“red” and “beautiful” are two almost identical words in Russian), now framed by the Basilica of St. Basil the south, the department store to Goum east, the historical museum in the north and west walls of the Kremlin.
The Basilica of St. Basil, built in the sixteenth century by order of Ivan the Terrible, is without doubt the most magical monument in Moscow with its bulbs and its multicolored domes twisted with the exuberance of a palace worthy of the Thousand and One Nights. The frescoes interior offers a magic show while in front of the monument, a block of old stones white, circular, indicating the ancient place of torments.
To the west of St. Basil, you can see the tower of the Savior, the most beautiful of the Kremlin, which came after the religious processions made their way to the Red Square. It is adorned with a magnificent carillon, a massive clock and, of course, topped with a huge red star. On the other side of the square to the right of the Historical Museum, you will see another monument, the church of the Virgin of Kazan, erected in 1993 on the site of an ancient church of the seventeenth century was demolished in 1936. Leaning against the wall of the Kremlin, Lenin’s Mausoleum, the austere lines and materials of marble and granite, is striking for its simplicity.
The GUM, former state department store, occupies the upper parts of galleries, to the east of the square. Since its privatization in 1993, you can find various shops offering a wide range of trendy clothes, beauty products, luxury items and souvenirs.
The Kremlin and Red Square have been declared World Heritage by UNESCO.