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Nucleus of the city of Budapest, on this hill and within the walls of the castle were to shelter the inhabitants of Pest when it attacks the Mongols became intolerable. He was born a beautiful city, able to compete with the nearby Prague and Vienna. But then came the Turks conquered Buda in 1541, staying there for nearly 150 years. Buda came out transformed: the churches became mosques and minarets were built and Turkish baths. In 1686, after 75 days of bombing the Austrians liberated Buda, but the former glory was not nothing, it was rebuilt keeping the old look. Destroyed again in 1945 and once again pulled up, today is home to the Royal Palace, the Matthias Church and some very beautiful views. Definitely one of the 10 places in Budapest not to be missed.