The Kremlin

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Citadel of the czars, the headquarters of the Soviet Union and now the residence of the Russian president, the Kremlin has always been the symbol of state power and Moscow. Located in the heart of the city, the building dominates with its towers, cathedrals and palaces that are reflected on the waters of the Moscow River, which flows under the walls Southeast. Visit the Kremlin is to immerse yourself in a world of its own, in a magical place where churches, historic monuments, museums and gardens one another thrilling both casual tourists that people have always fascinated and somewhat intimidated before the sensation of power transmitted from the complex. The history of the Moscow Kremlin began in 1156, when Yuri Dolgoruky Prince chose the confluence of the Moskva and the course of the Neglinnaja to erect the first Kremlin, a wooden building whose name contains its intended use since kreml means “fortress.” Later, in the fifteenth century, Tsar Ivan III summoned several important Italian architects to build a luxurious new complex, much larger than the former, in which merging two very different styles: the old Russian and imported the Renaissance, at this stage back among others the Cathedral of the Assumption and the Faceted Palace. In the ’30s the Kremlin escaped the vandalism architectural connotò policy of the Soviet Union of Stalin, principal of the destruction of some of its parts, as well as several closures imposed on the whole. Only in 1955, two years after the death of Stalin, the Kremlin was able to reopen its doors freely, being honored in 1990 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.


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