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Originally, the area of Trafalgar Square housed the King’s Mews, or the royal stables, and today is the culmination of many tourist itineraries and the heart of the West End, the heart of the administrative and political life of London. The square’s name derives from the Battle of Trafalgar, in which Horatio Nelson defeated the French and Spanish navies. Currently, the Admiral has a role less demanding, but in the end still pleasant: his statue dominates the center of the square watching the pigeons and tourists lined up to enter the National Gallery, the Museum of London’s most important and one of the most famous in the world. What is not in the Louvre, the Prado or the Uffizi in Florence, is here: Caravaggio, van Eyck, Raphael, Velázquez, Turner, Van Gogh, Botticelli, Michelangelo and much more. Just know that represents all the major traditions of Western European painting, the artists of Italy in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance to the French Impressionists in addition to temporary exhibitions always exceptional value.