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The Hill of sparrows (Russian: Воробьёвы горы?), Or Vorob’ёvy gory ‘, is one of the seven hills of Moscow. From 1924 to 1991 known as the “Hill of Lenin,” is one of the highest points of the Russian capital reaching 220 meters. It is located in the south-east of Moscow, on the right bank of the Moskva River. Classified as a nature reserve, in the immediate vicinity stands the imposing main building of Moscow State University.
The name of the hill is derived from that of the medieval village of Vorob’ёvo. In the fifteenth century Sophia of Lithuania, daughter of the Grand Duke of Lithuania Vitoldo and wife of the Russian sovereign Basil I bought the village. Since then, the area became the summer residence of the princes. On several occasions the hill was the site of attempted invasion of Moscow, in particular in 1591 at the hands of the Crimean Tatars led by Gazi Giray II and in 1612 at the hands of the Lithuanians led by Jan Karol Chodkiewicz.
In 1648, at the foot of the hill of the sparrows rose the monastery of St. Andrew, then abolished in 1764 At the end of the nineteenth century the area came to be a summer residence. In 1924 the area was renamed “Lenin Hills,” in honor of the late revolutionary Vladimir Lenin. This name remained in use until 1991, however, even during the Soviet period, the old name of “Sparrow Hills” continued to be used. It also appears in the work “The Master and Margarita” by Mikhail Bulgakov.
Between 1949 and 1953 near the hill was built in an architectural complex designed to house the Moscow State University. It was also set up an observation deck that offers a vision of a grand panorama of Moscow. This platform is a tourist destination of great importance. In 1953 he was also installed a ski lift. The hill is also the place of competitive mountain biking and motor racing. In 1958 was built the Luzhniki metroponte that connects the prospect Komsomol’skij the University area.
In 1998, the hill became the official state nature reserve and therefore a protected area. It houses more than a hundred species of vertebrates, while the most common trees are Acer platanoides, the Tilia cordata, Quercus robur, Betula pendula and Fraxinus excelsior. Close to the headquarters of the large complex of the Chinese embassy.